OBIS-SEAMAP. means "small cow" in Spanish. An expedition was led by Hernando de Alarcon up the Gulf of California. It probably formed five or ten million years ago, when Baja California sheared off from mainland Mexico and began to move northwestward up the coast of North America. Embarkation was in Puerto Penasco, known locally as Rocky Point. The most popular marine species in this area are anchovies, sardines, and shrimp. The history of California can be divided into several periods including the Native American period, European exploration, Spanish colonial, the Mexican period and the US statehood period. It is around 100 miles longer the length of Great Britain! The Baja California Peninsula, which stretches along the west coast of the Gulf of California, is the world's second longest peninsula. The paintings depict animals in motion, such as snakes, cougars, birds and wild cats. The vaquita will be extinct if fishery bycatch is not eliminated immediately. It separates the Sea of Cortez from the Pacific Ocean. Discover some fun facts about the State of California, including information on its symbols, people, geography, and more. for Pacific Mexico & Gulf of California SailPan port and passage reports are sourced with care, but policies change and enforcement is variable. The Gulf of California, between Baja California and mainland Mexico, formed through rifting much faster than other ocean basins have. Interesting Gulf of Mexico Facts: The Gulf of Mexico was created in the Late Triassic period when continental plates collided and the floor later sunk. The Sea of Cortez is located in Mexico (also known as the Gulf of California) is a sea of striking beauty placed between the Baja California Peninsula and Mexico’s mainland. Ordet vaquita betyder “lille ko” på spansk. Migratory species that make their way to the Gulf of California include the blue whale, the California gray whale, the humpback whale, the killer whale, the leatherback sea turtle, the Humboldt squid, and the manta ray. Fresh water from the Colorado has little effect upon the salinity of the northern Gulf. It covers an area of 62,000 square miles. It is believed that the Gulf of California was formed about 5.3 million years ago as a result of the Baja California Peninsula being rifted from the North American Plate by tectonic forces. Evaporation is intensified towards the northern reaches of the gulf. We recently returned from a small ship 11 day cruise on the Sea of Cortez. The region’s spectacular landscapes feature high plateaus, valleys and mountains, along with hundreds of islands. In fact, the Gulf of California divides the land portion of the Sonoran Desert into two halves, the Baja California Peninsula on the west, and the states of Arizona and Sonora to the east. The Gulf of California is the body of water located between the Mexican mainland and the Baja California Peninsula. The two main fish that Mexico fishes from the Gulf of California are anchovies and sardines. Government. Nearly one out of every five vaquita get entangled and drown in gillnets intended for other marine species like the totoaba, a critically endangered fish also found in the upper Gulf of California. Gulf grouper are large fish that live in shallow, coastal areas during their first 2 years of their life, before moving on to rocky reefs and kelp beds. California sea lions are the most intelligent of all sea lion species. It's bordered by the Pacific Ocean and the Gulf of California, which is alternately known as the "Sea of Cortes," named for Herman Cortes, a 16th century Spanish explorer. Gulfs are formed when a giant rock collapses or when a piece of land sinks. 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