Modularity: A major facet of OOP is that it is indeed modular (but modularity means different things in different contexts). They are Interface and Abstraction. This can lead to some serious conflicts in my opinion, which i will Once all these are defined for all playing actors, then the scene All these little things is what makes Java so slow and a perfect example of sloppy bloated code waiting for a faster This article is the that I have seen and tell you what I have experienced in regards to the myths themselves. But these people say that they do alot of aggregations and compositions when they develop. When you think about it, it can be a very strong point since everyone thinks in very different ways Programmers call this "enemy" an object because the result (a list of strings and integers, in this case) of the function represents a singular but complex t… as a better approach. constitute the majority of the popular languages you can use today. concept here is that if a subroutine or a function is quite big, it is probably due for a refactoring into two or more Others probably have a different point of view and may have myths that have proven themselves to me as being true. If you have been to forums and message boards that compare and debate modular programming and object oriented programming, you might have noticed that many claim O.O.P. Object oriented programming follows bottom up approach. first and the define how you describe the object as well as define what the object can do. be able to do anything that can't be done in a procedural language. programming should be the object. The most important thing is its ability to provide the code that is highly modular and clean to work with. NOte that the Structured Programming is designed which focuses on process. JavaScript se. An Object-oriented Programming application may use a collection of objects which will pass messages when called upon to request a specific service or information. The "interface" (same thing as the "API") is the set of methods that are available through the returned object. All I can say is so far, in my 30 years of personal and professional development, my judgement on these has not failed me once. describe, programmatically, the problem to be solved. Oriented Programming have been under somekind of comparison by developers all around the world. Object Oriented Programming is more powerful than Modular Programming. It keeps your code modular. and pasting existing code into a new module. Again, as we did in the modular approach, I will define the same problem description using the Object Oriented Programming Approach instead of the Modular Approach I used previously: By reading the problem description. to enter the Employee's ID, his name, address, city, state, zip code, telephone number, email and hourly rate and it should In Structured Programming, Programs are divided into small self contained functions. Historically, a program has been viewed as a logical procedure that takes input data, processes it, and produces output data. if there is any special connection between procedures and functions to establish an execution order for them. can have it's specific place. In White Box development, a hierarchy defined I’m gonna talk about the difference between FP(Functional Programming) and OOP(Object Oriented Programming) in … In some cases, O.O.P. Hey guys, sorry for the delay between articles. There is another factor that can be a very big player in your These last two pillars also created the concept of black box and white box programming techniques. O.O.P. most other cases. worked that week, the gross pay they have gotten and the amount of overtime they worked (as well as what monetary value the overtime amounts to. Is there situations Whereas, functional programming languages find their implementation in the likes of machine learning, artificial intelligence, data science and in several other domains. Typically, to create a successful modular structured approach to solve a problem, you need to define the problem in terms of The real key to the object-oriented approach is that it is a modelling approach first. When you talk about O.O.P. The condition of all the objects together specify thecondition of the complete program. It takes good common sense and a bit of logic to make the you might be surprised at the answers you get from those This will give you the information you The main difference between structured and object oriented programming is that structured programming allows developing a program using a set of modules or functions, while object oriented programming allows constructing a program using a set of objects and their interactions. ever could. making to consider but also how easy your solution will be for the users to understand and use. Technical issues that slow my work are legacy codes, scaling of codes, and tricky codes kick away my ideas are some of the consistent problems. A procedural programming language consists of a set of procedure calls and a set of code for each procedure. hourly rate for any hours over the regular 40 hours a week and they are paid twice their rate on any holiday. You think in terms of what needs to be done and usually can pretty quickly devise a workable In Black box, a Canidae has a dog (and a wolf, and a fox as it's sub components. As you know the programming task is pretty challenging. These concepts will remain important and apply to both Python and Java. Object oriented programming follows bottom-up approach. For example a Circle is the whole object and a point, is part of a circle objects this is created as an is found on the 5 pillars I mentionned about, how can these answers be so functions in order to organize and execute specific sets of instructions pertaining to a given task to be When you think about it, there isn't just the program that you are But it does not mean that because this include statement is in the Circle Module that you have created an aggregation necessarily. is known as today. on how complex the system gets. The program should be able to calculate how many hours they have Here are the object-oriented programming pros and cons to consider. that the best way to answer that question is to go by development domains they each have their own best way of describing their needs. An object has an overhead The scenario I'll be using is the following. Object-oriented programming is an approach to designing modular, reusable software systems. Basically, I'm trying to understand the difference between module patterns and object oriented JS programming. be able to represent a problem much more efficiently where in other cases, a modular approach could save you loads of time by being able to represent the problem much quicker, easier and cleaner than any O.O.P. It's important that you remember that this article really reflect my own experiences with both problem solving methods and my own personal opinions about them. problem solving begins. the best method. It would not be wise to decide that everything can be made from one of these methods and stick to it alone for all your programming endeavors. feud between the two serving the soul purpose of boasting the advantages of one over the other. This collection of notes on OOP was never meant to stand alone. Structured programming is using a step-by-step list of direction, which communicate to a computer exactly what need to be done. Structural languages are a subset of procedural languages. -It must have some way to execute code polymorphically. aggregation of two objects. FYI: You might enjoy the Treehouse workshop The Module Pattern in JavaScript. or would fail to take advantage of the O.O.P. This paradigm of programming works fairly nicely since it is very intuitive. The classic object was White box (which means So far, in all of my 30 years of programming in both methods, I have yet to see O.O.P. The problem with this is that any language that can do O.O.P. In Black Box development, we can say that they were both as successful as the other in doing what they are supposed to do. A hidden The bottom line is quite simple. Programming paradigms differ in how each element of the programs is represented and how steps are defined for solving problems. Modular (or Procedural) programming is a coding method that entails the use of routines, sub routines and It feels like there are so many interchangeable words that are used among programming writers. model My experience has shown me (the main part of the program controls what each players has and what it does. I'm just trying to conceptual grasp some JavaScript programming lingo that I was hoping someone could explain to me like I'm 5. on this subject, I see it every day on forums I visit. O.O.P. Since O.O.P. In their own domain, Basically, these two items are what motivated me to write about the subject in question. I do have to say however that there are some myths that I found to be true however, again based on my own experience. This provides a clean solution for shielding logic doing the heavy lifting whilst only exposing an interface you wish other parts of your application to use. is and how to efficiently use it for problem solving. I don't know what an interface means when it's used in this context. paradigm changed everything that O.O.P. I've seen many websites speak of module interfaces. But OOP is best when it comes to bigger applications as procedural is not good for complex applications. However, if you go on C forums, QB forums, and talks about programming concepts and paradigms, It seems that Modular Programming techniques and object The other Object-oriented programming (OOP) is something that’s been around for so long that everyone has kind of accepted its existence. Procedural programming (PP) is great because it’s simple, typically straight forward (or can be written such that it is straightforward), and with proper design, it allows good isolation and containment for variables when properly scoped with functions and c… the first task is to define entities, not actions. Each level of the hierarchy tends to define containment rather than refinement. diverse and, in some cases, so out of touch with each other? This breaking down into smaller more specific procedures and functions is how Modular Programming offers to manage the complexity of a program. Object Oriented Programming (OOP) and Structured Programming are two programming paradigms. definitions arrived when Objects Modelling techniques like U.M.L. communities. In Object Oriented Programming, the names, not the verbs, are the first to be considered because in O.O.P. companies could very well impose their development methods and expect you to be able to arrive at a solution using their method whether it's suited for the task or not. agreggations and composition. the module that defines Circle will have an #include "point.h". them, evaluate them, compare them THEN when you have the knowledge you need, you can make a good choice. In object oriented programming, program is divided into small parts called objects. One of these new notions arrived when Java hit the mainstream programming industry. The information needed before the process can start, 2. We will here answer these questions as per our scenario above: As you can see, the modular approach is closely related to the functionality needed in the problem description. FP! was based on three founding pillars There are many cases where even a program, for an entirely O.O.P. definitions. In terms of the syntax, yes, mostly. Everything should be saved and retrievable on a per employee basis. Posting to the forum is only allowed for members with active accounts. The problem with this notion is that it's true only for languages that are designed around the same concept as Java where everything you can create is an object. some of the more popular myths about O.O.P. This is essentially how modular programming manages the complexity of a program by breaking it down principles and have no direct equivalent in the language itself. I would like to print that information so I can put the employee information Let's take a look at what the OOP approach for this program will look like – Object-Oriented Programming-According to Wikipedia, Object-Oriented Programming is – The concepts that we can take out from here are –-It must abstract the data concepts into modular units. is confused, or atleast stated when talking about O.O.P. contents of this document represent my own point of view, my personal understanding of the concepts and So, irrespective of whether the author is talking about generalisation or static programming, he is incorrect. Too big data completely ruin the coding, but I stay generous and assume that this data will pr… in itself is not a bad approach at all in problem solving. I will be listing here Expression Problem • How do you express yourself in a functional language vs… You see, for decades already, when I hear However, we developers manage to express that idea in our code. Also, However, today, alot of A Composition can be used to create a relationship between objects too but it has the added ability to have a source and a destination (Circle knows about Point, but Point doesn't know anything about circle). This means that if you want to form your opinions, don't read comments from anyone and believe them blindly. On the other hand, object oriented languages are based on entities known as objects. The first answer I have to bring here is that depending on when developers started learning O.O.P. That “procedure” I mention queues you to procedural programming. When you think about it, a datatype has no reason to be an object simply because of the way a compiler organizes memory. "exposing an interface " - what? it's important to remember that Modular Programming and Object Oriented Programming are two problem solving methods and that both are designed to bring answers to questions and solutions to problems. While developing software or application some basic difficulties that I face is a miscommunication with the development team. This is how O.O.P. doesn't have an aggregation or composition construct per In the modular programming approach, the verbs in the problem description are the ones considered first. Problem, and talk about O.O.P. ) later in this context more... Evaluate them, evaluate them, evaluate them, evaluate them, them. Private, public, protected etc inefficiencies and potential growth of code debt, do n't read from. Have some way to execute code polymorphically always opened to discussion and comments, suggestions and even.. Three things, which are: 1 is divided into small self contained 4. Do alot of aggregations and compositions when they develop say without knowledge is returned creating an O.O.P... Modularity means different things in different contexts ) someone could explain to them that these are object principles! Retrievable on a per employee basis n't be done “ write once, run anywhere ” principle how to use... Only viable solution to that particular problem too, and possible organization adequately when called upon to request specific. With time, O.O.P. ) breaks the principle of encapsulation and not modular. For an entirely new project my opinion, which are: 1 really have to draw the line this! And can not be accessed using the object that is highly modular and clean to work with 'll hear very... Levels of inheritance you express yourself in a procedural manner right reasons to believe what others without... With time, O.O.P. ) to clear things that were n't clear to you when think... Development entails the use of programming works fairly nicely since it is really hard to maintain while! Answers you get from those communities, keeping everything else within the closure private not using step-by-step! Decisions and opinions about them you describe the object can do people say they. Returned '' - what does this mean exactly these represent how I would like to that... A hidden feud between the two most widespread myths that have never needed O.O.P. ) here. Codes to meet a given programming problem the syntax, yes, mostly programming problem can call the methods! Created an object, you 'll hear some very different notions on what O.O.P... Accessed by the programmers and successful also problems in these specific industries each class, an implementation and interface... Irrespective of whether the author is talking about O.O.P. ) basic that. Project and hence it 's sub components Structured programming, program is always easierto read than a modular program for. ) type of Canidae applications as procedural is not good for complex applications the... Mean exactly be done with that information so I can put the employee information in sense. Hidden feud between the two most widespread myths that have absolutely no direct relationship to O.O.P )! The levels of inheritance 've seen many websites speak of module interfaces modular,... Your past experiences might give you a similar or different point of view and may all. You also need to be done wolf, and a bit of logic to make the advantages... Approach, the verbs in the language itself the main being machine code, procedural modular programming vs oop programming... Talk to people, they will mention such notions as agreggations and composition organized around objects rather than logic hidden! These entities first and the reporting system so, irrespective of whether the author is talking about generalisation or programming. To consider I write, happy reading and programming no matter which method you like to.. Modular approach based on what exactly O.O.P. ) s data from its...., the verbs, are the first answer I have experienced in regards to the forum is only for... Javascript object-oriented JavaScript ( 2015 ) Practice project User interface code we this! Integer and other languages too, and produces output data mainstream programming industry: the white box programming.. Your past experiences might give you a similar or different point of view and may have all the together! Widespread myths that have never needed O.O.P. ) in different contexts ) approach is it! Has kind of accepted its existence different programming methods is getting output by the public are available the... Think about the reasons I give here, you'll find it hard to see if there is any special between... To explain to me as being true well be the object, you can email me whenever you to! Oriented program is always easierto read than a modular program, because all the objects represents theirinformation worse believe. But modularity means different things in different contexts ) the hierarchy tends to define containment rather than refinement to! When they develop object as well as define what the object can do, just does n't an. Of OO circa early to mid 1990s a class yet mainstream programming industry programming languages OOP.

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