New Hampshire Colony's first governor was Benning Wentworth. [4], Conflicts between holders of grants issued by Mason and Gorges concerning their boundaries eventually led to a need for more active management. New Hampshire is also famous for being the first state to vote in the Presidential primaries. The land in the New World was granted to Captain John Mason, who named the new settlement after his homeland in Hampshire County, England. [9][10][11] In 1623, the first permanent English settlements, Dover and Rye, were established,[12][13][14] while Portsmouth was the largest city by 1773 with a population of 4,372. NEW ENGLAND Founded in 1620, the New England region included the colonies of New Hampshire, Massachusetts, Rhode Island, and Connecticut. The cold temperatures made it more difficult for diseases to thrive, unlike in the warmer climate of the Southern Colonies. The Congregational Church eventually grew out of the Puritan Church and was formally established Colonial New Hampshire. Both claimed in 1908; territories formed in 1962 (British Antarctic Territory) and 1985 (South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands). $205,000. Puritans from Massachusetts Bay also helped settle the colony. The New Hampshire Colony, along with the other three New England Colonies, experienced long, cold winters, and mild summers. This wood that was cut down could also be used to … The New England colonies have many job occupations to offer. He was equally unsuccessful in pursuing the Mason land claims, and was replaced in 1699 by the Earl of Bellomont. [20][21], Despite the initial Puritan mass migration also having a 2:1 male sex-imbalance like the British colonization of the Chesapeake Colonies,[22][23] unlike the Southern Colonies in the 17th century, most Puritan immigrants to New England migrated as families (as approximately two-thirds of the male Puritan immigrants to New England were married rather than unmarried indentured servants),[18][23] and in late 17th century New England, 3 percent of the population was over the age of 65 (while only 1 percent in the Chesapeake was in 1704). Independence as part of the United States was confirmed with the 1783 Treaty of Paris. This left the New Hampshire towns without any colonial administration, just as King William's War erupted around them. Prior to English colonization, the area that is now northeastern New England was populated by bands of the Abenaki, who lived in sometimes-large villages of longhouses. These settlers were mostly intending to profit from the local fisheries. This page was last edited on 6 January 2021, at 21:56. He governed from 1741 to 1766. The famed rocky coastline of the state is angled from southwest to northeast along the Atlantic Ocean. The New England region was an area of mostly homogeneous culture, mostly settled by large groups of people from England who were fleeing religious persecution or seeking new opportunities. In 1641 the communities were organized under the government of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, until Charles II issued a colonial charter for the province and appointed John Cutt as President of New Hampshire in 1679. The New England Colonies, including the New Hampshire Colony, were dominated by the Puritans who refused to tolerate any religion outside their own. The New Hampshire section is comprised of 3 distinct areas; the Merrimack Valley, the Hills and Lakes Region, and the Connecticut River Valley. New Hampshire was founded by Puritans. New Hampshire was a British colony before the American War of Independence . In New Hampshire, the summers are not very humid, and in the winter, snowfall is extreme. Two years later, in 1688, New York and New Jersey were added to the Dominion. The English colony The New Hampshire region was included in a series of grants made by the English crown to Capt. In 1776 the province established an independent state and government, the State of New Hampshire, and joined with twelve other colonies to form the United States. This practice ended completely in 1741, when Benning Wentworth was appointed governor. Over the years New Hampshire has been given several nicknames including the White Mountain State, the Mother of Rivers, the Granite State, and Switzerland of America. The original founders of this region came from Great Britain in search of religious freedom, separating themselves into two groups: pilgrims and puritans. The province was at first not strongly in favor of independence, but with the outbreak of armed conflict at Lexington and Concord many of its inhabitants joined the revolutionary cause. Wentworth broadly interpreted New Hampshire's territorial claims, believing that territories west of the Connecticut River belonged to New Hampshire. Following the war's conclusion in 1651, immigration to New England leveled off and the population growth owed almost entirely to natural increase rather than immigration or slave importations for the remainder of the 17th century and through the 18th century. https://mrnussbaum.com/13-colonies-regions-new-england-colonies As a result, the lieutenant governors held significant power. The Province of New Hampshire was a colony of England and later a British province in North America. The controversy also resulted in the replacement of Wentworth by his nephew John, who would be the last royal governor of the province. What began as a small Puritan settlement in Plymouth, now became a large collection of colonies that formed a larger colony that was recognized as one of the Thirteen Colonies by the British Crown by name of “Massachusetts”. In 1641, they collectively agreed to be governed from Massachusetts, provided the towns retained self-rule, and that Congregational Church membership was not required for their voters (as it was in Massachusetts). Wentworth laid claim on behalf of the province to lands west of the Connecticut River, east of the Hudson River, and north of Massachusetts, issuing controversial land grants that were disputed by the Province of New York, which also claimed the territory. [27] In 1857, the New Hampshire General Court passed a law officially ending slavery. The mountains were thick with trees, and the soil in other areas was so rocky and poor that it made the area difficult to farm. His party included William Wentworth, whose descendants came to play a major role in colonial history. The New Hampshire Colony, along with the other three New England Colonies, experienced long, cold winters, and mild summers. Maine is bounded to the northwest and northeast by the Canadian provinces of Quebec and New Brunswick, respectively, and to the west by New Hampshire. The climate of New Hampshire during colonial times was similar to the climate of New Hampshire now. Although the Puritan leaders of Massachusetts ruled the province for many years, the New Hampshire population was more religiously diverse, originating in part in its early years with refugees from opposition to religious differences in Massachusetts. The region was named by Captain John Smith, who explored its shores in 1614 for some London merchants. The timber trade, although lucrative, was a subject of conflict with the crown, which sought to reserve the best trees for use as ship masts. [3] Mason took the territory between the Piscataqua and Merrimack, and called it "New Hampshire", after the English county of Hampshire. Maine was admitted to the union on March 15, 1820, as the 23rd state; its capital is Augusta. Sort by: Homes for You. These disputes resulted in the eventual formation of the Vermont Republic and the US state of Vermont. New Hampshire, the most northern of the 13 original colonies of New England, is nicknamed the Granite State because of its extensive granite formations and quarries.About 180 miles long and 50 miles wide, it is bounded on the north by Quebec, Canada, on the east by Maine and the Atlantic ocean, on the south by Massachusetts, and on the west by Vermont. New Hampshire, one of the original 13 colonies, was the first state to have its own state constitution. Natural resources in the New Hampshire Colony included forests (timber), fur, fish, and whales. The Merrimack and Piscataqua Rivers formed the borders of the colony. Consequently, Charles issued a second charter in 1682 with Edward Cranfield as governor. Captain John Mason was given a land grant from the Council for New England in 1622 which helped him to found the New Hampshire Colony. New Hampshire is the 5th smallest by area and the 10th least populous U.S. state. Together, these regions encompassed all 13 colonies. [1] The seacoast was explored in the early years of the 17th century by English and French explorers, including Samuel de Champlain and John Smith. Its charter was enacted on May 14, 1692, during the coregency of William and Mary, the joint monarchs of England, Scotland, and Ireland. 15. [7] Around the same time, others unhappy with the strict Puritan rule in Massachusetts settled in Dover, while Puritans from Massachusetts settled what eventually became Hampton.[8]. The Council for New England gave the charter to Captain John Mason. New England was then soon settled by English Puritans. This was the seventh settlement in the United States. New Hampshire has a number of distinct regions, each deeply rooted in the state’s history. The New England Colonies included New Hampshire, … In 1741 New Hampshire Colony gained its independence from Massachusetts and was able to elect its own governor. The New England colonies tried to help the Native Americans and also, known as the North-Eastern, included Massachusetts Colony, Rhode Island Colony, Connecticut Colony, and New Hampshire Colony. Agent listings. 399 . New Hampshire joins rest of region in statewide mask mandate By HOLLY RAMER November 19, 2020 CONCORD, N.H. (AP) — With the coronavirus pandemic intensifying, New Hampshire on Thursday joined three dozen other states, including … In January 1680 Cutt took office, ending Massachusetts governance. After a brief period as a separate province, the territory was absorbed into the Dominion of New England in 1686. New Hampshire was one of the Thirteen Colonies that revolted against British rule during the American Revolution.The Massachusetts Provincial Congress called upon the other New England colonies for assistance in raising an army. The New England Colonies were formed by the joining of various Massachusetts colonies with other colonies in the region. The dual governorship became problematic in part because of territorial claims between Massachusetts and New Hampshire. Twelve other colonies joined with New Hampshire in resisting attempts by the British Parliament to impose taxes. In 1741, King George II decreed what is now the border between Massachusetts and New Hampshire, and separated the governorships, issuing a commission to Benning Wentworth as New Hampshire governor. South Georgia and the South Sandwich Islands, Saint Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Province_of_New_Hampshire&oldid=998753530, 1629 establishments in the British Empire, 1679 establishments in the British Empire, 1689 establishments in the British Empire, 1641 disestablishments in the British Empire, 1686 disestablishments in the British Empire, 1776 disestablishments in the British Empire, Former British colonies and protectorates in the Americas, States and territories established in 1629, States and territories disestablished in 1641, States and territories established in 1679, States and territories disestablished in 1686, States and territories established in 1689, States and territories disestablished in 1776, Pages using infobox country or infobox former country with the symbol caption or type parameters, Articles lacking in-text citations from April 2009, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, New Hampshire articles missing geocoordinate data, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, House of Representatives of the Province of New Hampshire, Other British colonial entities in the contemporary, Non-British colonial entities in the contemporary United States. The primary religion of the New England colonies was the strict Puritan Christianity originally brought to the Massachusetts Bay colony by ships like the Mayflower, but as the colonies grew and changed, some of the colonists began to move away from that base. Despite the rocky terrain and poor soil conditions, people were still able to grow pumpkins, squash, beans, rye, corn, and wheat. [11], In New Hampshire, as in other New England Colonies, the Puritan Congregational church was the established church in the colony, and in 1650, of the 109 places of worship with regular services in the eight British American colonies (including those without resident clergy), only three were located in New Hampshire and all three were Congregational. Mason and Gorges, neither of whom ever came to New England, divided their claims along the Piscataqua River in 1629. Mason sent settlers to the new territory to create a fishing colony. The oldest permanent settlement in New Hampshire is Dover, which was settled in 1623. It is bordered by Massachusetts to the south, Vermont to the west, Maine and the Atlantic Ocean to the east, and the Canadian province of Quebec to the north. Natural resources in the New Hampshire Colony included forests (timber), fur, fish, and whales. Cranfield strongly supported the Mason heirs, making so many local enemies in the process that he was recalled in 1685. [10] The black population in the colony grew from 30 in 1640 to 674 in 1773 (ranging between 1 and 4 percent of the population),[9][10] but declined to 541 (or 0.6 percent of the population) by 1780. [17], Puritan mass migration to New England began following the issuance of the royal charter for the Massachusetts Bay Company by Charles I of England in 1629 and continued until the beginning of the English Civil War in 1642. 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